These gastrointestinal microorganisms may cause vomiting, diarrhea, cramp and fever. Dehydration is a considerable concern in small dogs and pups. Illness lasts four to ten days, with chronic diarrhea often continuing for another 30 or more days.
Diagnosis and treatment
We identify these bacteria from stool samples. Clinical signs such as pain and vomiting are controlled. Intravenous fluids control dehydration. Antibiotics are rarely effective and seldom used to treat Salmonella or E. coli but more commonly used to treat Campylobacter.
Salmonella, Camplyobacter and pathogenic E. coli are contracted by eating contaminated food, other animal droppings or from surfaces contaminated by diarrhea from an affected individual. Campylobacter is a zoonotic infection. People at risk (elderly, ill, HIV positive etc) should not handle pups with this infection.