Dogs and world religions


Religious beliefs of course profoundly affect our attitude towards dogs, how we live with them, even whether we live with them. Most pet dogs today live in regions of the world where a few religions, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism and Buddhism dominate.?

Christian and Jewish biblical attitudes are dog neutral.?Christianity developed from Judaism and the Jewish Old Testament is explicit that animals are part of God’s creation and should be treated with compassion. “The righteous person regards the life of his beast”, says Proverbs. In Deuteronomy, Jews are instructed to feed their animals before themselves but dogs themselves are never mentioned in a positive manner. The Old Testament however gives clues about how dogs in the eastern Mediterranean behaved several thousand years ago and how they were treated.???1 Samuel 16:43 “He said to David, “Am I a dog that you come against me with sticks?” And David said, “No! Worse than a dog!”??Dogs must have lived in close proximity to people if they were beaten with sticks. They weren’t thought much of either.

1 Kings 16:4 Anyone who belongs to Jeroboam and dies in the city, the dogs will eat, and anyone who dies in the field, the birds of the sky will eat, for the LORD has said it!?Dogs were urban scavengers.

Job 30:1 But now they mock me, men younger than I am, whose fathers I would have refused to put with my sheep dogs.??Dogs were useful. They either guided or much more likely guarded livestock.?

Psalm 59:6 They return at evening, snarling like dogs and prowling around the city.??Dogs were feral and dangerous.

Proverbs 26:11 As a dog returns to his vomit, so a fool repeats his foolishness.??Dogs had just as disgusting habits in biblical times as they have now.?

Proverbs 26:17 A passerby who meddles in a quarrel that is not his is like one who grabs a dog by the ears.??Dogs didn’t like being grabbed by their ears then either!?

Ecclesiastes 9:4 But there is hope for whoever is joined with all the living, since a live dog is better than a dead lion.??As dangerous or feral or disgusting as they are, dogs can still be useful.?

The Talmud is a collection of interpretations of the bible, an integral part of the Jewish religion. The relative importance of dogs in biblical times is exemplified by the fact there is but one mention and it’s combined with an injunction on health and safety in the home!??Breed not a savage dog, nor permit a loose stairway.

The New Testament is equally uninterested in dogs although there is one mention of the dog’s fealty to humans.??Luke 16:21 He longed to be filled with what fell from the rich man’s table, but instead the dogs would come and lick his sores.?

These historical Judeo-Christian attitudes towards dogs have, of course been modified. The Jewish tradition of ‘dominion’ over animals is interpreted in liberal Jewish and Christian thought today as ‘stewardship’, a responsibility to care for other animals, including dogs. Dogs have been integral in Christian households for millennia while the companion dog in the Jewish home has become commonplace only within the last few hundred years.

?There is help for “Jewish Dogs”??The belated participation of dogs in Jewish households had lead to modern publishing and business opportunities. First time Jewish dog owners can get advice from books (the wry and witty, How to raise a Jewish Dog) and buy kosher food for their dogs. offers food “Approved by top breeders not to mention The Almighty”!?

Homepage  •   Contact   •   Privacy Notice   •   Terms & Conditions   •   Sitemap

Website by: